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ECB Unveils Massive Bond-Buying Stimulus Program For Eurozone

European Central Bank President Mario Draghi today unveiled in Frankfurt, Germany, a massive bond-buying stimulus program to kick-start the region's economy.
Michael Probst
European Central Bank President Mario Draghi today unveiled in Frankfurt, Germany, a massive bond-buying stimulus program to kick-start the region's economy.

The European Central Bank has unveiled a massive bond-buying stimulus program to kick-start the region's economy and battle deflation.

"The combined monthly purchases of private and public sector securities will amount to 60 billion euros," ECB President Mario Draghi said today at a news conference in Frankfurt, Germany.

He said the program will continue until September 2016 or until inflation reaches about 2 percent — effectively ensuring that at least 1 trillion euros ($1.16 trillion) will be injected into the eurozone economy.

NPR's John Ydstie tells our Newscast unit that the program, which is modeled on the U.S. Federal Reserve's quantitative easing, is more aggressive than expected. He says:

"The Fed's program is credited with helping boost U.S. growth following the great recession. Despite its success in the U.S., Europe has been slow to adopt it largely because of objections from Germany which shuns borrowing and fears inflation. But when the Eurozone fell into dangerous deflation in December, those objections were overcome."

The ECB also announced that its governing council kept "the interest rate on the main refinancing operations and the interest rates on the marginal lending facility and the deposit facility ... unchanged at 0.05%, 0.30% and -0.20% respectively."

Why is this important to the U.S.? The Wall Street Journal reports that "the effects are already being felt in U.S. financial markets and could benefit Americans if they work." It lays out the reasons Americans should care about the ECB's move:

-- "Among the reasons for the recent strengthening of the U.S. dollar and decline in the euro were market expectations the ECB would make such a move at the same time the U.S. Federal Reserve is preparing to start raising interest rates. A strong dollar can benefit U.S. consumers by lowering the price of imports and costs of traveling abroad. But it also can curb U.S. exports and corporate profits."

-- "If the ECB's new bond-buying program works as intended, it should spur more economic activity there, which should mean more business for U.S companies and possibly more demand for U.S. workers."

-- "On the other hand, if the ECB measures disappoint, the eurozone economy could remain sluggish or even contract, acting as a drag on global and U.S. growth for years to come."

Copyright 2021 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.

Krishnadev Calamur is NPR's deputy Washington editor. In this role, he helps oversee planning of the Washington desk's news coverage. He also edits NPR's Supreme Court coverage. Previously, Calamur was an editor and staff writer at The Atlantic. This is his second stint at NPR, having previously worked on NPR's website from 2008-15. Calamur received an M.A. in journalism from the University of Missouri.